Responsible dog owners need to understand how developing proper socialization skills helps develop their dogs’ personalities. While most experts say the critical time to socialize a dog is when the puppy is young — up to 8 months old — you can, and should, continue to socialize your dog for the rest of his life. Although introducing your puppy to new people, places, situations, and other dogs help shape your dog’s personality; it’s essential to avoid making dog socialization mistakes.
Every dog owner wants their dogs to be friendly and easygoing. But the process of socializing your dog is not as easy as many people think. Consequently, most people end up making dog socialization mistakes that could put their dogs at risk.
Understanding and, more importantly, avoiding seven fundamental dog socialization mistakes will help you create a happy, healthy, confident dog.
Not knowing your dog
Do you think you know your dog? Chances are good; you don’t.
Most dog owners fail to take the time to understand their dogs.
Most people acquire a new dog, spend a few days with him and then take the dog out to socialize with other dogs.
Too many owners think their dogs enjoy going to the dog park to play. They fail to understand that not all dogs are comfortable interacting with others.
For most dogs, socializing with strangers is difficult and stressful. It’s like forcing a shy person to spend time with an outgoing person. Or worse, to hang out at a crowded party where they don’t know anyone.
Before you introduce your dog to other dogs, be sure you understand your dog’s personality.
Start slowly. Perhaps introduce your dog to a friend or neighbor’s dog before you toss them into the mix at the dog park.
Most people tend to concentrate on potty training or basic obedience lessons when they get a new dog. If you get busy with work, it’s easy to let time slip by.
But puppies need to be socialized while they are young. Waiting too long can produce a nervous, fearful dog. You can socialize older dogs, but the process gets more difficult as the dog ages.
Consider a child who doesn’t get to spend time with other children until he’s 10, 15, or even 20. He most likely will be uncomfortable and awkward because he doesn’t understand social cues or know how to make conversation.
The same thing happens with dogs. They need to learn how to communicate with other dogs. Dogs primarily use body language. The tilt of the head, the wagging tail, and whether they lick their lips or show their teeth send messages to other dogs.
As a responsible owner, you must supervise dog interactions, especially if you introduce your puppy to an adult dog or take your puppy to a dog park. Failing to do so could not only scare your puppy but the situation could also cause injuries to your dog and others.
Forcing your dog
Let your dog set his own pace. Don’t put two dogs together and expect them to get along.
If your dog has had a bad experience, such as being bitten by an off-leash dog while on a leash, it will understandably fear other dogs when they approach.
If your dog is small or mid-sized, they also may be nervous around bigger dogs even if they’ve never had an unpleasant encounter.
Help your dog overcome those fears.
A great way to do that is to take your dog to a puppy kindergarten or basic obedience class. You can introduce your dog to other dogs in a controlled atmosphere.
You need to understand dog body language and make interactions between dogs and people a positive experience.
Meeting strange dogs
You know your dog, but what do you know about the other dog walking toward you on the sidewalk? Little to nothing if you haven’t encountered that dog before.
Follow your dog’s cues. If it seems nervous, don’t force it to interact with the other dog. Dogs know how to read canine body language; if your dog wants to meet the other dog, let him.
Just stick close so you can separate the dogs quickly if the encounter starts to go badly.
Be cautious about taking your dog to a dog park. Many people bring their furry friends to the dog park without knowing if their pup is introverted or extroverted.
To ensure your dog socializes safely, don’t immediately release your dog. Wait and watch how the other dogs play.
If the dogs are similar in size to yours — especially if they are small dogs — and appear to have friendly temperaments, you can unhook your dog’s leash. Then let your dog decide when to join the action.
But if you see the dogs are rough or aggressive with each other or if one dog is a dog park bully who tries to dominate the others, keep the leash on and even think about walking away.
Also, ensure that you and your dog follow proper dog park etiquette. Don’t let your dog mount or hump other dogs.
Most importantly, if your dog suddenly becomes aggressive at the dog park, you might want to rethink your socialization strategy.
Being in an open space with lots of dogs isn’t a good idea until you know your dog responds to basic commands and remains calm.
If the situation feels dangerous, remove your dog immediately.
Failing to realize your dog could get hurt
Letting your puppy play with one or two big dogs should be fine. As a rule, most bigger dogs are gentle giants. They have even temperaments and behave well with other dogs and children.
The challenge comes when the group at the dog park gets too big. The situation becomes unpredictable, and the chance of dogfights increases. You don’t want your puppy to get caught in the middle.
Pack mentality can potentially turn dangerous. Consider how peer pressure can sway a “good” teenager into rogue behavior. The same thing can happen with dogs.
Thinking the dog park is the only place to socialize
Too many owners think a dog park is an easy option to socialize their dogs. Others fail to pay adequate attention to their dogs at the park. They get engrossed in conversation or spend too much time staring at their smartphones.
In truth, the easiest way to socialize your dog is to go for regular walks. You will encounter new situations, people, and other dogs.
When walking your dog, take your time and let your dog sniff and explore. Not every walk needs to be a race.
Let your dog get to know your neighborhood.
As a bonus, your neighbors will get to know your dog. Then if your dog ever gets out, they will be more likely to help your pup get home.
Failing to correct misbehavior
Dogs tend to bark or growl out of fear, especially if they see other dogs or strangers.
You must teach your dog the difference between meeting a stranger on a walk and recognizing when a stranger is approaching your home.
You don’t want your dog to bark or growl in the first situation.
With the second, you might want to get a warning about a potential threat.
When your dog barks or growls while walking, stop and make the dog sit.
If the dog continues to growl or bark, give a stop, look at me, or no-bark command.
When possible, enlist the stranger’s help. That person might be willing to meet your dog.
Have the stranger let your dog sniff his hand. If your dog is friendly, the stranger can then pet the dog.
Ask the stranger to give your dog a sit command if you have any treats. When the dog obeys, give the dog a treat.
It’s not healthy for your dog to fear every stranger you meet. But if your dog usually is friendly and then, in a rare case, seems nervous or protective of you, pay attention.
The other person likely is harmless, but your dog sees them as a threat. If that happens, keep the stranger at a comfortable distance.
Avoid making dog socialization mistakes. Never force your dog to socialize with an unfamiliar dog. Know your dog and let them set the pace — immediately correct aggressive dog behavior.
Understand and respect your dog’s personality and boundaries. Learn how dogs communicate.
If you spend time socializing your dog as a puppy and the dog is usually friendly, pay attention if it seems uncomfortable or nervous.
Chances are good that following your dog’s lead will keep you both safe.
Scott Mathews is a social media marketer and a researcher at Best Term Paper. He also has contributed writing to the academized review. Mathews helps students with their assignment writing work and has written superior dissertations at Pro Essay Writing Company and RushMyEssay. Mathews also contributes content to easy essays.